Academic thesis

Ralf Buchholz: Development and history of synthetic dyes in wood stains. A source research and a conservators reflection as an contribution to art-technology of the 20th century. Shown by the developments of new stains by the chemist Wilhelm Zimmermann and the stains produced by ARTI in Barmen/Wuppertal, Germany. Back
Language: Original   -   Translation
Abstract: Synthetic dyes, which supplanted natural dyes towards the end of the nineteenth century, were increasingly used in the production of wood stains. This dissertation deals with the use of aniline dyes in wood stains and is subdivided into the main parts of history, technology/application and conservation/restoration. It analyses the historical context, available sources and the establishment of one of the first plants for the production of wood stains. The publications of Wilhelm Zimmermann and the wood stains developed by him played an important role in the development of stains from synthetic dyes. Questions relating to technology and terminology were addressed using the example of ARTI and original recipes. Decisive criterions of using were a simple process and a good sensitivity to ligth. Issues of conservation, restoration and analysis of wood stains are discussed using damage classification. The dissertation also contains an extensive collection of collateral materials (for example recipes and colour charts) and an exhaustive bibliography.


  • academic institution: HAWK Hochschule für angewandte Wissenschaft und Kunst Hildesheim/ Holzminden/Göttingen
  • kind of theses:  Diplomarbeit
  • main Tutor:  Prof. Dr. Henrik Schulz
  • assistant Tutor:  Prof. Dipl.-Rest. Hans Michaelsen
  • date:  2001
  • Language:  German
  • pages:  187
  • pictures:  122
Ralf Buchholz
Kaiserstr. 19
31134  Hildesheim
ralf.buchholz@[Diesen Teil loeschen]


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