Academic thesis

Juliane Hofer: Eight Cartoons for the Palais Epstein by E. Bitterlich (1871/72): Art Technological Study focusing on the Fixation of the Drawing Media Back
Language: Original   -   Translation
Abstract: This study focusses on art technological aspects of eight cartoons from the collection of the Kupferstichkabinett of the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna. The cartoons were created in 1871/72 by Eduard Bitterlich as templates for ceiling paintings in the reception hall of the Palais Epstein. The cartoons are executed in charcoal and black chalk on machine made paper.
They were studied and compared with regard to their material composition, drawing technique, traces of usage and other technological features. Special attention was given to the fixation of the drawing which was carried out with various materials and different application methods. Traces of fixative were found on some drawings, but analytical methods provided conclusive results only in few cases. In order to better understand practices of fixation, historic recipes from 19th and early 20th century written sources were collected and reconstructed, comparing their applicability, effectiveness of fixation impact and their ageing characteristics. Testing fixation materials and application methods on test papers helped to understand phenomena observed on the originals.


Keywords: Eduard Bitterlich, Palais Epstein, cartoon, charcoal, chalk, fixative
  • academic institution: Akademie der bildenden Künste Wien
  • kind of theses:  Diplomarbeit
  • main Tutor:  o.Univ.-Prof. Mag. Dipl.Ing. Wolfgang Baatz
  • assistant Tutor:  Dr. Mag. Sigrid Eyb-Green
  • date:  2015
  • Language:  German
  • pages:  303
  • pictures:  270

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